Preventing Food Waste in the Food Retail Sector in the Light of the Current Legislation in Poland

Main Article Content

Konrad Żukiewicz
Tomasz Słowik
Agnieszka Dudziak


Food loss and waste are one of the main problems of global civilization that stir great emotions, especially among the inhabitants of affluent countries of the northern-hemisphere. All actors at the various stages of the food chain, from producers and processors to retailers and final consumers, influence this phenomenon. To combat this problem, many hours and energies are spent both by those involved in grassroots social initiatives and by national and international institutions. Any entity aware of the magnitude of the food waste problem (entrepreneur, citizen, NGO, etc.) entitled to take advantage of concessions, incentives and exemptions from public tributes is a more effective ally in the fight against this scourge of the 21st century than an economic participant constantly punished and sanctioned, and consequently expending most of its energy on tax optimization.

Article Details

How to Cite
Żukiewicz, K., Słowik, T., & Dudziak, A. (2022). Preventing Food Waste in the Food Retail Sector in the Light of the Current Legislation in Poland. Agricultural Engineering , 26, 187-199.


2011/2175(INI). (2011). European Parliament resolution of 19 January 2012 on how to avoid food wastage: strategies for a more efficient food chain in the EU, 2011/2175(INI).

2016/2223(INI). (2017). European Parliament resolution of 16 May 2017 on initiative on resource efficiency: reducing food waste, improving food safety 2016/2223(INI).

Act of 26 July 2013 on the amendment to the Act on goods and services tax and certain other acts, Journal of Laws of 2013, item 1027.

Buchner, B.; Fischler, C.; Gustafson, E.; Reilly, J.; Riccardi, G.; Ricordi, C.; Veronesi, U. (2012). Food Waste: Causes, Impacts and Proposals; Barilla Center for Food & Nutrition: Milan, Italy.

Das, S., Lee, S. H., Kumar, P., Kim, K. H., Lee, S. S., & Bhattacharya, S. S. (2019). Solid waste management: Scope and the challenge of sustainability. Journal of cleaner production, 228, 658-678.10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.04.323

Esmaeilian, B., Wang, B., Lewis, K., Duarte, F., Ratti, C., & Behdad, S. (2018). The future of waste management in smart and sustainable cities: A review and concept paper. Waste management, 81, 177-195.10.1016/j.wasman.2018.09.04730527034

GIOS. (2021). Generalny Inspektor Ochrony Środowiska „Ocena funkcjonowania ustawy z dnia 19 lipca 2019 r. o przeciwdziałaniu marnowaniu żywności”, lipiec 2021.

Golka M. (2004). W cywilizacji konsumpcyjnej. Wydawnictwo Naukowe UAM, Poznań.

Gustavsson, J., Cederberg C., Sonesson U., Van Otterdijk R., Meybeck A. (2011). Global Food Losses and Food Waste: Extent, Causes and Prevention, FAO, Rome, Italy.

Kołożyn-Krajewska, D. (2016). Opinie i ekspertyzy (OE-249): Jak uniknąć marnotrawienia żywności – strategie poprawy wydajności łańcucha dystrybucji w UE w zakresie przekazywania darowizn żywności na cele charytatywne. Kancelaria Senatu, Warszawa.

Marnowanie żywności w Polsce i Europie 2012: Raport Federacji Polskich Banków Żywności, Warszawa,

Perrot, J. F., & Subiantoro, A. (2018). Municipal waste management strategy review and waste-to-energy potentials in New Zealand. Sustainability, 10(9), 3114.10.3390/su10093114

RFPBZ. (2013). Zapobieganie marnowaniu żywności z korzyścią dla społeczeństwa 2013: Raport Federacji Polskich Banków Żywności, Warszawa, 16.10.2013, [online],

Senate of the Republic of Poland. (2018). Resolution of the Senate of the Republic of Poland of 15 March 2018 on submitting to Lower House of the Parliament a draft of act on counteracting food waste together with an assessment of the effects of the regulation (in Polish).

The Supreme Audit Office. (2021). Najwyższa Izba Kontroli, Informacja o wynikach kontroli „Przeciwdziałanie marnowaniu żywności” LPO.430.005.2021, Nr ewid. 138/2021/P/21/085/LPO

Wang, Y., Yuan, Z., & Tang, Y. (2021). Enhancing food security and environmental sustainability: A critical review of food loss and waste management. Resources, Environment and Sustainability, 4, 100023.10.1016/j.resenv.2021.100023

Waskow, F., Blumenthal, A., Eberle, U., von Borstel, T, Studie. (2016). Situationsanalyse zu Lebensmittelverlusten im Einzelhandel, der Außer-Haus-Verpflegung sowie in privaten Haushalten und zum Verbraucherverhalten (SAVE). Im Auftrag der Deutschen Bundesstiftung Umwelt (DBU).

Wilts H., Nicolas, J., Schinkel, J., Friedrich, C., Steinmann, F., Knappe, F., Theis, S., Reinhard, J. (2018). Dokumentation zum Fachforum 2017: Lebensmittelverschwendung wirksam reduzieren - gemeinsam mehr erreichen. Im Auftrag des Umweltbundesamtes (DBU).

Wrzosek, M., Bilska B., Kołożyn-Krajewska D., Krajewski K. (2014). Ograniczenie strat produktów mleczarskich w handlu detalicznym jako element społecznie odpowiedzialnego biznesu, Roczniki Naukowe Stowarzyszenia Ekonomistów Rolnictwa i Agrobiznesu, Tom. 16, Z.6, pp. 541-545.

Wu, H., Zuo, J., Yuan, H., Zillante, G., & Wang, J. (2019). A review of performance assessment methods for construction and demolition waste management. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 150, 104407.10.1016/j.resconrec.2019.104407